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A Way to Protect Your Equipment Power surges can cause real problem with your equipment especially some of these are highly sensitive technologies. Different events could cause power surges, examples of which are lightning or a car hammering into a power pole. A lightning can deliver a surge able to blow up your equipment and thus it is considered as the most dangerous among possible surges. Imagine a lightning surges that can range to over 300,000 Amps, and this will cause some scenarios. There is the direct effect when lightning strikes directly on a structure, with its energy creeping into the ground through the structure. On the other hand, the effects of an indirect lightning strike are considered to be more devastating since it is not as obvious as when it is hitting directly on the structure.
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It is said that many power surges are caused by people, with 60% of all surges and transients caused by industrial switching. Considered as the most spectacular is the lightning power surges which contribute to about 20% of power surges.
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A few of events created by man that would result to power surges are substation faults, internal plant failure extending to areas in the factory, and inductive loads whenever motors, generators and compressors are started. Another event that would expose you to over or under voltage conditions and general interference would be being located at the end of the grid that will make you vulnerable to large voltage variance. Natural conditions leading to power surges would be like the weather related events such as earthquakes, tremors and others. Other events can also be categorized with no real known cause of power surges. Be informed that all surges and transients can also travel to your equipment through power lines, data/signal lines, telecommunication lines, and poor earthing. In order to protect our equipment, the common advice we receive in the past was to disconnect our equipment from the power point every time we hear the sound of thunder. Fortunately if you are at home and can detach your equipment from the power source, you can protect it around 20% of the power surge. It is good to know that we have now today very effective solutions that will provide surge protection for all equipment without detaching it from their power source, and these protection are surge diverters and surge filters. Known as the shunt or parallel connected protector, the surge diverters is the basic from of protection wherein the large portion of energy from the incoming surge is diverted to the ground and this system is designed to function as such. Also known as series connected protector, the surge filters operates by cutting the incoming cable and wire it to the filter, and because of this, the filter is rated to reflect the load of the equipment. In order to protect sensitive electronics, it is recommended to use surge filters.